【江莱生物-老牌Elisa试剂盒厂家】

【江莱生物-老牌Elisa试剂盒厂家】 2019-08-07 16:09:20

Lactobacillus plantarum NA136 improves the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by modulating the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway


Zijian Zhao、Chao Wang、Li Zhang、Yujuan Zhao、Cuicui Duan、Xue Zhang、Lei Gao1、Shengyu Li


Received: 3 December 2018 /Revised: 15 February 2019 /Accepted: 15 February 2019/Publishedonline:21May2019 © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019


【Abstract】

Hepatic lipid metabolic disorders and oxidative stress are involved in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study is to determine the protective effects ofLactobacillus plantarumNA136 on high-fat diet and fructose (HFD/F)-induced NAFLD and to elucidate its underlying molecular mechanisms. Male C57BL/6J mice had been fed with normal diet (ND), HFD/F, or HFD/F supplemented withL. plantarumNA136 for 16 weeks. Treatment withL. plantarum NA136 significantly lowered the body weight gain and decreased the mass of fat tissues, lipids, AST, and ALT levels of HFD/F-treated mice. Our results showed thatL. plantarumNA136 activated AMPK pathway to phosphorylate ACC and to suppress the SREBP-1/FAS signaling to inhibit the de novo lipogenesis and increase the fatty acid oxidation. Furthermore,with treatment ofL. plantarumNA136, the nuclear translocation of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) was also increased which could activate antioxidant pathway. These findings suggested thatL. plantarumNA136 improved NAFLD by regulating the fatty acid metabolism and defending against oxidative stress through AMPK and Nrf2 pathways, respectively.


【Biochemical analyses】

Total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) were deter-mined by commercial kits (Jiancheng Institute, Nanjing,China). Free fatty acid (FFA), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), alanine aminotrans-ferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), superox-ide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were determined by mouse ELISA kit (Jianglai,Shanghai, China)[1].


编号
产品名称
JL11286
小鼠游离脂肪酸(FFA)ELISA试剂盒
JL18892小鼠低密度脂蛋白(LDL)ELISA试剂盒
JL18893小鼠高密度脂蛋白(HDL)ELISA试剂盒
JL13983小鼠谷丙转氨酶(ALT)ELISA试剂盒
JL12237小鼠超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)ELISA试剂盒
JL18163小鼠过氧化氢酶(CAT)ELISA试剂盒
JL13992小鼠天门冬氨酸氨基转移酶(AST)ELISA试剂盒
JL13329小鼠丙二醛(MDA)ELISA试剂盒


【Results】

Effects of L. plantarumNA136 on body weight and lipid levels in serum

HFD/F-fed mice showed higher body weights than the ND group mice (Table 1). After treatment withL. plantarum NA136, the body weight was decreased by nearly 17%compared with that of HFD/F group. The results of various serum parameters of each group are shown in Table 1. The levels of serum TC, TG, and LDL significantly increased in the HFD/F group, butL. plantarumNA136 treatment could attenuate these elevations. In addition, HDL level was con-siderably decreased by HFD feeding, and this decrease was blocked byL. plantarumNA136 supplementation.



L. plantarumNA136 ameliorated fat accumulation in the liver 

According to a previous study, HFD and fructose induced substantial steatosis (Ritze et al.2014). We measured hepatic steatosis by histopathological study to investigate the effect ofL. plantarumNA136 on hepatic lipid accumulation.Compared with that of the ND group livers, H&E staining of the HFD/F group livers revealed a diffuse macrovesicu-lar steatosis (Fig. 1a). More importantly, HFD/F-induced hepatic steatosis and inflammation were markedly reversed by administration ofL. plantarumNA136. Furthermore, the levels of FFA in serum and hepatic were increased signifi-cantly by HFD and fructose, and this increase was normal-ized by treatment withL. plantarumNA136 (Fig. 1b, c).These results suggested that treatment withL. plantarum NA136 could attenuate hepatic steatosis induced by HFD and fructose.



Effects of L. plantarumNA136 on liver injury

The levels of ALT and AST in the liver are routinely used as markers of liver function. The activities of ALT and AST of the HFD/F group increased significantly compared with those of the ND group, which indicated that HFD/F feeding induced a massive liver injury in the mice (Fig. 2). Nevertheless, ele-vated ALT and AST concentrations were almost normalized by treatment withL. plantarumNA136. These results sug-gested that treatment withL. plantarumNA136 could attenu-ate liver injury and improve the liver function.



Effects of L. plantarumNA136 on hepatic AMPK signaling 

SREBP-1 is a major regulator for transcription of lipogenic enzymes, and it also positively regulates hepatic lipogenic proteins including FAS and ACC (Horton et al.2002;Shimano2001). We measured the hepatic levels of SREBP-1 to determine the effects ofL. plantarumNA136 on HFD/F--induced lipid synthesis and clearance. As shown in Fig. 3a and c, the expression of SREBP-1 in HFD/F+NA136 group was significantly decreased and was accompanied with the decrease of FAS expression compared to the HFD/F group.


AMPK regulates the transcription factors such as SREBP-1 to improve lipid metabolism (Long and Zierath2006). The pro-tein levels of AMPK, ACC, and phosphorylation of AMPK and ACC were examined. The phosphorylation of AMPK was obviously decreased in the HFD/F group, and when treated withL. plantarumNA136, the phosphorylation of AMPK was increased in HFD/F+NA136 groups (Fig. 3b). Phosphorylation of AMPK is known to decrease the ACC activity via phospho-rylation, which subsequently downregulated the expression of FAS (Yang et al.2014). HFD/F-induced NAFLD mice demon-strated a lower level of ACC phosphorylation compared with the ND and HFD/F+NA136 groups (Fig. 3b).



L. plantarumNA136 reduced the oxidative stress in the liver 

CAT could trigger Nrf2 nuclear translocation and HO-1 gene expression to activate the antioxidative action (Chang et al.2012). The results exhibited that the level of CAT in the HFD/F group markedly decreased more than that in the ND and HFD/F+NA136 groups (Fig. 4a). As shown in Fig. 4b, the activities of SOD increased evidently in the HFD/F+NA136 group compared with those in the HFD/F group. Liver MDA contents are shown in Fig. 4c. There was a marked increased content of hepatic MDA in the HFD/F group. As expected, the treatment withL. plantarumNA136 reduced the content of MDA.


Nrf2 and its repressor Keap1 regulate numerous cellular functions (Ludtmann et al.2014). When exposed to oxida-tive stress, the Nrf2 pathway was adaptively activated to alleviate cell damage. As shown in Fig. 4d, the total Nrf2 levels displayed no obvious changes in the three groups.Furthermore, the expressions of HO-1 and the contents of nuclear Nrf2 were markedly increased and the expression of Keap1 was decreased significantly in the ND and HFD/F+NA136 groups as compared to that of the HFD/F group.



【References】

1.Browning JD, Horton JD (2004) Molecular mediators of hepatic stea-tosis and liver injury. J Clin Invest 114(2):147–152.

2.Chang SY, Chen YW, Zhao XP, Chenier I, Tran S, Sauvé A, Ingelfinger JR, Zhang SL (2012) Catalase prevents maternal diabetes–induced perinatal programming via the Nrf2–HO-1 defense system.Diabetes 61(10):2565–2574.

3.Chen Q, Wang T, Li J, Wang S, Qiu F, Yu H, Zhang Y, Wang T (2017)Effects of natural products on fructose-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Nutrients 9(2):96.

... ...  


[备 注] [1]“江莱生物”10年以来一直致力于免疫学技术的积累与沉淀,目前江莱生物实验室占地约3000平米,技术研发团队50余人,配备了全球最先进的分析和检测设备,我们通过自主创新以及与国内外的科研单位合作研发,不断突破新技术,目前我们研发了上千种指标,质量成熟,并长期出口到欧美市场,赢得了众多科研机构的认可 ...


[文献下载]  Lactobacillus plantarum NA136 improves the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by modulating the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway.pdf



上一篇: "江莱生物"产品文献:黄芪对肺腺癌细胞生长抑制的实验研究
下一篇: 10年历程感恩相伴--江莱生物10周年!狂欢来袭!


总机:021-60496032 / 60496050 | 传真:021-55660885 | Email:shjlsw@163.com

上海江莱生物科技有限公司

- 地址:上海市杨浦区五角场高新技术产业园区

Copyright © 2014 【江莱生物-老牌Elisa试剂盒厂家】,版权所有。

收起
展开